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National Flowers

Most countries celebrate a national flower, also known as a floral emblem.


Antigua and Barbuda - Dagger's Log (Agave Karatto Miller)
Andorra - (Narcissus poeticus radiiflorus)
Argentina - Ceibo (Erythrina crista-galli)
Austria - Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum)
Australia - Golden Wattle (Acacia pycnantha)
Bahamas - Yellow Elder (Tecoma stans)
Bangladesh - Water Lily 'Shapla' (Nymehaea nouchali)
Barbados - Pride of Barbados (aka Dwarf Poinciana or Flower Fence) (Poinciana pulcherrima linnaeus)
Belarus - Flax
Belgium - None.
Belize - Black Orchid (encyclia cochleatum)
Bermuda - Bermudiana (iris) (sisyrinchium bermudiana)
Bhutan — Blue Himalayan poppy (meconopsis grandis)
Bolivia - Kantuta 'Magic flower' (cantua buxiolia)
Brazil - Ipe-amarela (tecoma chrysostricha)
Bulgaria - Rose
Canada - Maple Leaf (Acer Saccarum) (actually the national tree. See states below)
Cayman Islands — Wild Banana Orchid (schomburgkia thomsoniana)
Chile - Copihue (Chilean Bellflower) (Lapageria rosea)
China - Peony or Plum Blossom Prunus Mei (still voting on this)
Colombia - Christmas orchid (Cattleya trianae)
Costa Rica - Guaria Morada (purple orchid) (cattleya skinneri)
Cuba - Butterfly 'amber cane' (hedychium coronarium koenig)
Cyprus - Cyclamen cyprium
Czechoslovakia - Scented Thyme (thymus serphyllum)
Denmark - Marguerite Daisy (chrysanthemum frutescens)
Dominica — Bwa kwaib (Sabinea carinalis)
Ecuador - White Nun Orchid (Lycaste Virginalis)
Egypt - White Egyptian Lotus (Lotus Nymphaea)
England - Rose (Rosa)
Estonia - Blue Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus)
France - Fleur de Lis
French Polynesia - Tiare Tahiti (Gardenia taitensis)
Finland - Lily-of-the-valley (Convallaria majalis)
Germany - none!
Greece - Viola
Greenland - Broad-leafed WillowHerb (niviarsiaraq) (chamaenerion latifolium)
Guam — Puti Tai Nobiu (Bougainvillea spectabilis)
Guatemala - White Nun Orchid (Lycaste skinneri alba)
Guyana - Water Lily (Victoria regia)
Holland - Tulip (Tulipa)
Honduras - Orchid (Brassavola digbiana)
Hong Kong - Orchid (Bauhinia blakeana)
India - Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)
Indonesia has three national flowers:
-Bunga Melati (Jasmine) (Jasminum sambac)
-Bunga Anggrek Bulan (Moon Orchid) (Phalaenopsis amabilis)
-Bunga Bangkai (Rafflesia arnoldi)
Iran - Red Rose
Ireland - Shamrock
Italy - Alpine Poppy
Jamaica - Wood of Life, Lignum Vitae tree, (Guaiacum sanctum)
Japan - Cherry Blossom (Sakura)
Jordan - Black Iris (Iris nigricans)
Korea - Rose of Sharon (mugunghwa) (hibiscus syriacus)
Kuwait - Arfaj (Rhanterium Epapposum)
Laos - Dok Champa (Frangipani)
Latvia - Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
Lesotho - Spiral aloe (aloe polyphylla)
Lithuania - Rue (Ruta graveolens)
Luxembourg - Rose (Rose L'Indepenance du Luxembourg)
Madagascar - Poinciana (Delonix Regia)
Maldives - Pink Rose
Malta - Maltese Centaury (Paleocyanus crasifoleus)
Malaysia - Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa sinensis) Bunga Raya
Marianas — Plumeria 'Flores Mayo' (Plumeria acuminata)
Mauritius - Boucle dÓreille (Trochetia Boutoniana)
Mexico - Dahlia (Dahlia Imperialis)
Moldova - oak
Molossia - Common Sagebrush (Artemisia Tridentata)
Nepal - Rhododendron (Rhododendron arboreum)
New Zealand - Kowhai 'Weeping Kowhai' (Sophora microphylla)
Nicaragua - Sacuanjoche 'Frangipani' (Plumería rubra acutifolia)
North Korea - Azalea (Jindallae)
Norway - Purple Heather (Calluna vulgaris)
Pakistan - Jasmine
Panama - Flor del Espirity Santo (Holy Ghost Orchid or Dove Orchid) (Peristeria elata)
Paraguay - Passion Flower (Passiflora Coerulea)
Peru - Kantuta, Inca magic flower (Cantua Buxifolia)
Philippines - Sampaguita (Jasminum sambac)
Poland - Corn Poppy (Papaver Rhoeas)
Puerto Rico - Puerto Rican Hibiscus 'Flor de maga' (Montezuma Speciosissima)
Russia - Camomile (Matricaria Chamomilla) San Marino - Cyclamen
Scotland - Thistle
Serbia - Red Peony 'Bozur' (Paeonia triternata)
Seychelles - Tropicbird Orchid (Angraecum Eburneum) Sicily - Carnation
Singapore - ORchid (Vanda Miss Joaquim) Slovakia - Rose Rosa
Slovenia - Red Carnation
Sri Lanka - Water Lily 'Nil Mahanel' (Nympheae Stellata)
South Africa - King Protea (Protea cynaroides)
South Korea - Moogoonghwa 'Rose of Sharon' (Hibiscus syriacus) Soviet Union - Carnation (hvozdyka)
Sweden - Linnea 'Twinflower' (Linnea Borealis)
Switzerland - Edelweiss (Leontopodium alpinum)
Tahiti - Gardenia Taitensis
Taiwan (Republic of China) - Plum blossom (Prunus mei)
Tonga - Heilala (Garcinia Pseudoguttifera)
Trinidad and Tobago - Chaconia 'Pride of Trinidad' (Warszewiczia coccinea)
Tonga - Heilala
Turkey - Tulip (Tulipa)
Ukraine - Sunflower
United States of America - America Rose (Rosa)
Uruguay - Ceibo Erythrina (crista-galli)
Venezuela - Orchid (may flower) (cattleya mossiae)
Virgin Islands - Yellow Elder 'Yellow Trumpet' (Tecoma stans)
Wales - Daffodil
Yugoslavia - Lily of the Valley (Convallaria Majalis)

Not all countries have a national flower. Many national flower emblems are still under consideration. Many of the above countries also have a national tree, national fruit, coat of arms and national animal.

State Flowers in the US

Each state in the US celebrates a state flower.


Alabama - Camelia
Alaska - Forget Me Not
Arizona - Saguaro Cactus
Arkansas - Apple Blossom
Carlifornia - Golden Poppy
Colorado - Columbine
Connecticut - Mountain Laurel
Delaware - Peach Blossom
Florida - Orange Blossom
Georgia - Cherokee Rose
Hawaii - Yellow Hibiscus
Idaho - Syringa
Illinois - Native Violet
Indiana - Peony
Iowa - Wild Rose
Kansas - Sunflower
Kentucky - Goldenrod
Louisiana - Magnolia
Maine - White Pine Cone
Maryland - Black Eyed Susan
Massachusetts - May flower
Michigan - Apple Blossom
Minnesota - Lady Slipper
Mississippi - Magnolia
Missouri - Hawthorn
Montana - Bitteroot
Nebraska - Goldenrod
Nevada - Sagebrush
New Hampshire - Purple Lilac
New Jersey - Purple Violet
New Mexico - Yucca
New York - Rose
North Carolina - Dogwood
North Dakota - Wild Prairie Rose
Ohio - Scarlet Carnation
Oklahoma - Mistletoe
Oregon - Oregon Grape
Pennsylvania - Mountain Laurel
Rhode Island - Violet
South Carolina - Yellow Jessamine
South Dakota - Pasque Flower
Tennessee - Iris
Texas - Blue Bonnet
Utah - Sego Lily
Vermont - Red Clover
Virginia - Dogwood
Washington - Rhododendron
West Virginia - Big Rhododendran
Wisconsin - Wood Violet
Wyoming - Indian Paintbrush

Canadian State/Province/Territory Flowers

Each state, province or territory in Canada celebrates a state flower.


Alberta - Wild Rose
British Columbia - Pacific Dogwood
Manitoba - Prairie crocus
New Brunswick - Purple violet
Newfoundland - Pitcher plant
Northwest territories - Mountain avens
Nova Scotia - Mayflower
Nunavut - Arctic poppy
Ontario - White trillium
Prince Edward Island - Lady's slipper
Quebec - Iris versicolor
Saskatchewan - Western red prairie lily
Yukon Territory - Fireweed